Thứ Ba, 6 tháng 8, 2013

CCNA Access List Sim

Question

accesslist_sim

An administrator is trying to ping and telnet from Switch to Router with the results shown below:

Switch>
Switch> ping 10.4.4.3
Type escape sequence to abort.
Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 10.4.4.3,timeout is 2 seconds:
.U.U.U
Success rate is 0 percent (0/5) 
Switch>
Switch> telnet 10.4.4.3 
Trying 10.4.4.3 …
% Destination unreachable; gateway or host down
Switch>

Click the console connected to Router and issue the appropriate commands to answer the questions.

Answer and Explanation

 

Note: If you are not sure about Access-list, please read my Access-list tutorial. You can also download this sim to practice (open with Packet Tracer) here: http://www.9tut.com/download/9tut.com_CCNA_Access_List_Sim.pkt

For this question we only need to use the show running-config command to answer all the questions below

Router>enable
Router#show running-config

accesslist_sim_showrun1

accesslist_sim_showrun2

accesslist_sim_showrun3

Question 1:

Which will fix the issue and allow ONLY ping to work while keeping telnet disabled?

A – Correctly assign an IP address to interface fa0/1
B – Change the ip access-group command on fa0/0 from “in” to “out”
C – Remove access-group 106 in from interface fa0/0 and add access-group 115 in. 
D – Remove access-group 102 out from interface s0/0/0 and add access-group 114 in 
E – Remove access-group 106 in from interface fa0/0 and add access-group 104 in

 

Answer: E

 

Explanation:

Let’s have a look at the access list 104:

accesslist_sim_answer1

The question does not ask about ftp traffic so we don’t care about the two first lines. The 3rd line denies all telnet traffic and the 4th line allows icmp traffic to be sent (ping). Remember that the access list 104 is applied on the inbound direction so the 5th line “access-list 104 deny icmp any any echo-reply” will not affect our icmp traffic because the “echo-reply” message will be sent over the outbound direction.

Question 2:

What would be the effect of issuing the command ip access-group 114 in to the fa0/0 interface?

A – Attempts to telnet to the router would fail
B – It would allow all traffic from the 10.4.4.0 network
C – IP traffic would be passed through the interface but TCP and UDP traffic would not
D – Routing protocol updates for the 10.4.4.0 network would not be accepted from the fa0/0 interface

 

Answer: B

Explanation:

From the output of access-list 114: access-list 114 permit ip 10.4.4.0 0.0.0.255 any we can easily understand that this access list allows all traffic (ip) from 10.4.4.0/24 network

 

Question 3:

What would be the effect of issuing the command access-group 115 in on the s0/0/1 interface?

A – No host could connect to Router through s0/0/1
B – Telnet and ping would work but routing updates would fail. 
C – FTP, FTP-DATA, echo, and www would work but telnet would fail
D – Only traffic from the 10.4.4.0 network would pass through the interface

 

Answer: A

Explanation:

First let’s see what was configured on interface S0/0/1:

accesslist_sim_answer3

Recall that each interface only accepts one access-list, so when using the command “ip access-group 115 in” on the s0/0/1 interface it will overwrite the initial access-list 102. Therefore any telnet connection will be accepted (so we can eliminate answer C). 
B is not correct because if telnet and ping can work then routing updates can, too. 
D is not correct because access-list 115 does not mention about 10.4.4.0 network. So the most reasonable answer is A.

But here raise a question…

The wildcard mask of access-list 115, which is 255.255.255.0, means that only host with ip addresses in the form of x.x.x.0 will be accepted. But we all know that x.x.x.0 is likely to be a network address so the answer A: “no host could connect to Router through s0/0/1” seems right…

But what will happen if we don’t use a subnet mask of 255.255.255.0? For example we can use an ip address of 10.45.45.0 255.255.0.0, such a host with that ip address exists and we can connect to the router through that host. Now answer A seems incorrect!

Please comment if you have any idea for this sim!

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