Thứ Ba, 12 tháng 3, 2013

11 cấu trúc ngữ pháp đáng chú ý trong tiếng anh

1. S + V + too + adj/adv + (for someone) + to do something

(quá… để cho ai làm gì)
Ex: You ran too fast for me to follow.

2. S + V + such/so + (a/an) + Noun/adj + that + S + V
( quá… đến nỗi mà)
Ex: the bag is so heavy that I can’t carry it.

[IMG]file:///C:/Users/user/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtml1/01/clip_image001.gif[/IMG] 3. It is time + for someone to do something
S + V (past simple)
(đã đến lúc ai đó phải làm gì)
Ex: It is time for you to go to bed.
It is time you went to bed.

4. It + takes /took + someone + amount of time + to do something
[IMG]file:///C:/Users/user/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtml1/01/clip_image002.gif[/IMG]S + spend + amount of time + doing something
on something
(ai làm gì mất bao nhiêu thời gian)
Ex: It takes me 15 minutes to go to school.
I spend 15 minutes going to school.

[IMG]file:///C:/Users/user/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtml1/01/clip_image003.gif[/IMG]5. S + prefer + Noun/V-ing + to + noun/V-ing
to-V + rather than + V(infinitive)
S + would rather + V(infinitive) + than + V(infinitive)
(thích làm gì/ cái gì hơn làm gì/ cái gì)
Ex: I prefer coffe to tea.
She prefers to run rather than swim.
I would rather go to the zoo than watch TV at home.

6. S + be + used to + V-ing
(quen làm gì)
Ex: I am used to living by myself.

7. + had better + V(infinitive).
(ai tốt hơn nên làm gì)
Ex: You don’t look very well. You had better not go to work today.

8. It is the first/second/best… time + S + V(simple perfect)
(lần thứ mấy ai làm gì)
Ex: It is the first time I have met her.

9. S + find + it + adj + to do something.
(thấy…để làm gì)
Ex: I find it difficult to solve that problem.

10. S + get/have + something + V(past perfect).
(nhờ hoặc thuê ai làm gì)
Ex: I have my hair cut yesterday.

[IMG]file:///C:/Users/user/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtml1/01/clip_image004.gif[/IMG][IMG]file:///C:/Users/user/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtml1/01/clip_image005.gif[/IMG]11. S + V + adj/adv + enough + (for someone) + to do something
enough + Noun
(đủ để ai làm cái gì)
Ex: the box is big enough to fix the ball.

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